Importance of Engineering in the Society

The importance or usefulness of Engineering in the society. The picture background is made with engineering product called mowing machine, used for cutting grasses.
The importance or usefulness of Engineering in the society. The picture background is made with engineering product called mowing machine, used for cutting grasses. | Source
Introduction

Engineering is a very important discipline in the world of today. The importance of this area of specialization by many people is felt all over the world. In the current world we exist in, no country will succeed without adoption of engineering practices. The importance of engineering in our world is numerous. This piece is just an introduction to the topic under discussion because splitting the topic in detail will occupy a large volume of text.

What is engineering? Engineering is a profession in which scientific knowledge and mathematics, gained through study, experiment and practice is applied with intuition or judgement to develop ways to use economically, the materials or forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. So many authors have given their personal definitions on their understanding of the word “engineering”. This word has turned the face of the earth to look more interesting and accommodating.

In the years back, there was nothing like electricity, which has made work essay and improve the standard of living. As of then, our forefathers were timid and live in society that was not transformed by electricity. Because of the efforts of engineering, electricity has advanced and man utilizes it to achieve his goals in life.
The Major Importance of Engineering

The importance of engineering to be elaborated on are as related to six key areas. These six key areas are the importance of engineering in:

Agricultural;
Banking;
Automobile;
Educational;
Marketing; and
Health sectors.

The importance of engineering as related to agricultural sector. The background is designed with cultivated crop.
The importance of engineering as related to agricultural sector. The background is designed with cultivated crop. | Source
Agricultural Sector

Agriculture simply put is the cultivation of crops and rearing of animals. This definition is as related to agricultural science. Due to the advancement in the agricultural practice, agriculture has developed strong link with the field of engineering. It is because of the magnitude of this link that lead to the creation of agricultural engineering, which is among the branches of engineering. This engineering branch takes care of agricultural related affairs.

In our today’s world, hardly will you see a commercial agricultural famer that does not make used of machines to increase the rate of his or her agricultural output. This importance added by engineering has really promoted the practice of agriculture all over the world.

There are specific kinds of fertilizers for specific kinds of crops. These fertilizers in most cases are products of chemical engineers. They look into the chemical constituents of the manure and used the result generated from the scientists to know which will have good effects on crops and go into their productions.

In the dry season, there is no rainfall, yet agricultural products are being supply to markets where they are being sold to the consumers. The question is: how are these products made available irrespective of the fact that is usually no rainfall in the dry section of the year? Drilling engineers are among the people that make those products available as through the work they do generate water from beneath the ground. It is the water that is used to keep the crops growing through the irrigation system.
Banking Sector

Sometimes people argue on why engineers should be found in any bank. They do say that none of them suppose to be there because there is big difference between the two disciplines. The fact remains that engineering is a course of men who can withstand pressure and great test. Because of this, bank sometimes choose graduates from this discipline to work with. That is why some engineers are found in the marketing department of various banks today. Banks are interested in who will give them what they want and not just who studied their related course in the tertiary institution.

Engineering plays fundamental roles in banking institutions of various societies. In a bank, there are many engineers that engineer the affairs of the banking activities. Without these engineers, the banks will not function effectively. Banks are advancing on yearly basis and they have been demanding the services of the engineers (especially Software and Networking Engineers) to make the advancement unique. Engineering in banks have added a lot to the quality of services that banks render to their customers.

Let us start with the one every bank customer is aware of before going deep in the other area of the banking activities. Gone are days when bank cashiers count money with manual process using their fingers. Today, the money is being counted within few seconds by money counting machines. Who manufactured those counting machines used in the banks for counting of money? The answer is nobody else than the engineers. That is to say that the money counting machine would not have been in existence if not because of the engineers.

Rewirable fuses (Electric)

Fuse is the simplest and cheapest protective device. It is a self sacrificial device used in interrupting the circuit during over- current or short circuit conditions. Fuses are always connected before the load in series to the supply.

Rewirable fuse is also known as kitkat fuse. It is a simple reusable fuse used in the houses, offices and in the protection of outdoor distribution transformers. It is a fully enclosed type fuse and is available in a wide range of ratings. The fuse when blown out can be reused after replacing the fuse element and the circuit can be restored quickly and easily. Renewable fuses are simple in construction and operation but less reliable than HRC fuses.
Read more about fuses

Electric Fuse

High Rupturing Capacity ( HRC) Fuses

Rewirable fuses (Electric)

Difference between fuses and circuit breakers.
Construction

Renewable fuse consists of a base and a separate fuse element carrier made of porcelain. The base consists of two terminals one for incoming supply and the other for the outgoing supply. Similarly fuse carrier also contains two terminals between which fuse element is connected. Usually one or more strands of fuse wires are used as fuse element. The fuse base and the carrier are designed such that each terminals of base coincides with a terminal of the fuse element. The circuit will be closes only if the fuse carrier is inserted into the base and the fuse element is continuous.
Reliability of rewirable fuses
1
2
3
4
5
3 stars for Reliability
Working

The working principle of rewirable fuses is very simple. Whenever the current exceeds the predefined value, the flow of current heats the coil and melts it and the fuse is blown out. Thus the circuit is interrupted.
Rewiring

Once the fuse is blown out, it can be reused by replacing the fuse element with a new one. Fuse carrier is pulled out, blown out fuse element is replaced by a new one and the supply is restored by replacing the fuse carrier in the base. The specialty of renewable fuses is that the fuse carrier can be taken out or reinserted back into the base without risk, even without opening the main switch.
Have you ever rewired a blown out fuse?

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Rewiring procedure

1. Switch of the main switch. (Safety precaution)

2. Take out the fuse element carrier.

3. Loosen the terminal screws and remove the blown out fuse wire.

4. Replace it with a new fuse wire as per the requirement (refer the table below), wrap it around the terminals and tighten the screws.

5. Reinsert the fuse carrier and switch on the main.
Fuse element
Fuse elements

The normally used fuse wires are lead and aluminum. Tinned copper and an alloy of tin-lead can also be used. The actual fusing current must be twice the rated current. When two or more fuse elements are used, the wires should be kept apart and a derating factor of 0.7 to 0.8 should be employed to arrive the total fuse rating.
Selection of fuse wire
Rating

Size of Fuse Wire
16 Amp

0.5 Mm
32 Amp

.85 Mm
63 Amp

1.5 Mm
100 Amp

2.0 Mm
200 Amp

2.0 Mm X 2 Nos.
Ratings

Standard ratings are 6, 16, 32, 63, 100 and 200 amperes. A fuse wire can have a rating not exceed the rating of the fuse, for example, in a fuse have a rating of 100 A, a fuse wire of any rating not greater than 100 A can be used.
Disadvantages of rewirable fuse

1. Time lag: Due to small time lag, large transient currents which are encountered during the starting of motors and switching on operation of transformers, capacitors, fluorescent lights etc can blow the fuse unless sufficient large rating are used.

2. Low rupturing capacity: Rewirable fuses have limited breaking or rupturing capacity.

3. Slow operation: No feature is employed for extinction of arc that blows after the fuse melts.

4. Risk of flame and fire

5. Single phasing of three phase induction motor is a common occurrence where renewable fuses are employed in motor circuits.
Comparison of rewirable fuses with HRC fuses

Apart from reusability and less cost, HRC fuses are far better in operation and reliability than the rewirable fuse. Because of its simplicity and cheapness rewirable fuses are employed in the protection against short circuit and overload on low and medium voltage circuits only.

Branches of Engineering

Engineering is a big family that is made up of many children. The children that engineering has given birth to are more than a dozen when properly split. It is a faculty that is made up of many departments for core understanding of a particular or specific area. Engineering is made up of professional courses made for students. Some of the departments are also divided into sub-branches.

What is engineering? Engineering is a profession in which scientific knowledge and mathematics, gained through study, experiment and practice is applied with intuition or judgement to develop ways to use economically, the materials or forces of nature for the benefit of mankind. The word, engineering, was derived from the Latin word “Ingeniare”. What the word implies is “to design” or “to create”. It is a profession the world in the totality cannot do without.

In this piece, to be concentrated on is on the branches that are in engineering faculty. Because of the uniqueness of the departments in engineering, so many aspiring undergraduates have tried to gain admission in one of them, but failed at the end of it. The truth is that engineering courses are made for students who are intelligent and can cope with subjects inside of it. Many forced themselves into engineering and later switched over to other departments outside engineering when they observed that they could not cope with the work involved in it.
The Branches/Departments of Engineering

There is division of labor in Engineering. These divisions were made so as as to maintain certain degree of accuracy by engineers that specialize in each particular field. Hence, the lists of departments in engineering faculty are:

Civil engineering;
Mechanical engineering;
Metallurgical and materials engineering;
Chemical engineering;
Electrical engineering;
Electronics and computer engineering;
Industrial engineering; and
Agricultural engineering.

The picture is that of bulldozer used by civil engineers that specialize in construction of roads and other heavy duty engineering construction.
The picture is that of bulldozer used by civil engineers that specialize in construction of roads and other heavy duty engineering construction.
Civil Engineering

Civil engineering is the oldest branch of engineering. Civil engineering is the mother of all engineering courses that have existed on earth. The first that is called civil engineer is John Smeaton in 1761. The engineering profession, civil engineering, came into existence in 18th century.

Civil engineering covers many areas of specializations. The engineering branch involves structural, water, transportation, construction, building, geotechnical, Geodetic, and urban planning engineering. Some institutions offer these sub-divisions of civil engineering as departments.

Civil engineering has helped in many constructional works all over the world. They work on so many sites to ensure completion of projects assigned to them. We see the works of civil engineers in pyramids of Egypt, bridges and aqueducts of Europe, roads, towers and other buildings.

There are no presidential buildings that are erected all over the world without the participation and contribution of civil engineers. It is the duty of civil engineer to prescribe the quantity and quality of materials (strength of materials) needed to make such buildings become successful. Even from the structural set-up of such buildings, civil engineers must be there to see that everything is put in place.
Mechanical engineering

Mechanical engineering is the second oldest engineering profession after civil engineering. Some argue that there will be nothing like mechanical engineering without first considering civil engineering. In universities, this has been argued by students from these two departments on many occasions.

Mechanical engineering received formal recognition in 1847 with the foundation of Institution of Mechanical Engineer (IMechE), Birmingham. The Institute of Mechanical Engineers is very important and well recognized organization all over the world. It is hard to visit any institution that practices engineering of this field without hearing the students discuss about this organization. The organization has student membership with a head in each university that study the profession.

Mechanical engineering covers engineering design, development, production, operation, selection, testing, installation, control and maintenance of machines. A good mechanical design engineer is respected because no machine will work properly if error is encountered during the design process.

In the recent time, there are software that are sold all over the market that make the mechanical design work more easy to the engineers. Any mechanical engineer that properly understands how to use this software to design machine and its parts is unlikely to encounter problem during design. A notable example is the one called Solid Work software.
This machine is mainly used for wood work by material engineers.
This machine is mainly used for wood work by material engineers.
Metallurgical and Materials Engineering

In some institutions of higher learning, this is offered as separate courses while some combine them to offer as a single course. It is a double-honored course. Due to the challenges that were arising in the society we live in today, the engineering branch was created to help in addressing some issues.

The modern metallurgical engineering came into existence from mining engineering. In the other words, a metallurgical engineer can be addressed as mining engineer. The slight difference is that a metallurgical engineer specializes in mining and extraction of metals, while mining engineer covers both metallic aspect and other areas that have to do with mining of minerals. A metallurgical engineer combines two metals to form one of improved property known as alloy.

The applications of Metallurgical engineering can be found in many areas. In aluminium fabrication companies, metal refining, welding, forging, steel manufacturing companies and so many other areas, metallurgical engineering is highly appreciated.

Material engineering concerns the thermodynamic properties relating to atomic structure in various phases in relation to the physical properties of the element. Materials engineering also involves the combination of some materials to discover the one which will be of more usefulness to the society. This engineering department is related to chemical engineering as it studies the chemical properties of materials. So many material engineers are into research and discovery as related to material science. What are the job opportunities for material engineers? Material engineers can work in ceramics, glass, cement, plastic, and textile industries.

Drink manufacturing companies that package their products in breakable bottles cannot do without the help of material engineers. It is these engineers that give instruction on how to produce the bottles to the taste of the companies.
Chemical Engineering

From the word “chemical” a layperson will know that this is a branch of engineering that deals in chemicals. Chemical engineering was brought out from mechanical engineering because of the need for chemical processors. This engineering department ensures serious safety during operation as chemicals are dangerous to human health. The need for chemical engineering emerged as a result of industrial revolution which led to high demand of bulk chemicals in both quantity and quality.

Chemical engineering as a branch of engineering does not cover many areas it was expected to properly, and that led to further division of the department into other aspects of engineering. Chemical engineering is broken down to petroleum, bio-Processing and products, petrochemical, polymer and textile, catalysis and reactions, nuclear, and ceramics engineering.
Electrical Engineering

Electrical engineering is another branch of engineering that is studied in almost all the engineering institutions in the world. Nobody living in this planet will say that he or she does not know the importance of electricity in the world of today. The development being achieved by many nations today is because of the availability of electrical power supply.

Electrical engineering deals with large electrical systems, which include those found in motors, generators, transformers, conductors, electrical wiring and power transmission system (Ugochukwu 2012). The first institute of electrical engineering is the American Institute of Electrical Engineering (AIEE) founded in 1884 (Burghadt 1991).

Electronics and Computer Engineering

Electronics and computer engineering is double-honoured course. It is two in one department. In some universities, this branch of engineering is offered separately for more deep understanding of what each of them is all about. That is to say that some universities study electronics engineering as a separate branch and computer engineering as a separate course also.

Electronics engineering came into existence in the early 20th century. This aspect of engineering was initiated because of advancement in the technological improvement of telegram industry which resulted to the invention of telegraph, radio, and later television. In the recent time, more discoveries have been made in electronics than those years when it was initially invented. In offices, houses, industries, and places of worship, we make use of electronic devices, and these are products of electronic engineering. Electronic engineers are continuously making the world a better place for all through their discoveries and inventions on daily basis. In the recent time, there are many forms of televisions called plasma and LCDs, and these came into existence because of the efforts made by electronic engineers.

Computer engineering is another branch of engineering that is speedily changing the face of earth. The roles of computers in the modern world cannot in any way be overstressed. Computer engineering deals on software operating system as well as in computer hardware. They perform integral functions in our society. Many mobile phones that are recently produced have software integrated in them which solve problem more easily to the users. The software are made possible due to the effort put by computer engineers.
Industrial engineering

There are many industries that cannot function without the assistance of industrial engineers. These are engineers that perform specific functions in many industries located all over the globe. What is industrial engineering? Industrial engineering is the branch of engineering that deals with the design, improvement and installation of integrated systems of people, machines and materials for optimal and efficient results.

The reason why industrial engineering was created is due to the need for technically qualified people, who were needed to plan, organize and control men and materials so as to optimize the manufacturing process. This branch of engineering specializes in production, manufacturing, operations research, and human factor ergonomics. An industrial engineer that works in production sector is expected to examine the reliability of the manufactured products, scheduling, and materials handling.
Agricultural engineering

Food is the basic material needed by man to sustain life, and human activities. Without food, man will die irrespective of the level of spirituality any man thinks he has attained. The need to sustain and promote agricultural practice gave rise to what is called agricultural engineering. This department of engineering is beneficial to both rich and poor countries of the world.

What is agricultural engineering? Agricultural engineering is the branch of engineering that deals in the production, processing, preservation, manufacturing, and distribution of agricultural products. It is because of the function performed by agricultural engineers the lead to varieties of crops that we see and enjoy today. They study soil systems and other things related to agriculture to know which will give a better yield. Agricultural engineering specializes in power and machinery, bio-research, food processing, electrical power and processing machinery, wood product processing, soil and water, and structural and environmental engineering.

Conclusion

Engineering is a vital area of study that is handled with all seriousness and carefulness. The area of study is very wide and interesting. It is a professional course and that is why any who is addressed as an engineer has lots of respect. An engineer is a problem solver in any society. Discussed in this topic are branches/departments in engineering faculty. The grouping of these branches may differ depending on the author but all convey almost the same information.

Jobs for Engineering Majors Other than Engineering

verview

Engineering pays a higher average wage than most fields. However, engineering is often seen as an overhead expenses or long term investment by management and targeted for reduction when money is tight. What jobs for engineering majors exist when they cannot find engineering work?
If you cannot find an engineering job, working as a drafter can help pay the bills.
If you cannot find an engineering job, working as a drafter can help pay the bills. | Source
For Mechanical Engineers

Work as a project cost estimator for a machine shop.
Work as a project cost estimator for a construction company.

Write test plans and test procedures for the products or related technologies you helped design or support.
Create 3-D mechanical drawings and models, the modern equivalent to drafting.
Become a project scheduler for a job shop or construction firm.
Work as a technician in a failure analysis lab.
Sign up as a maintenance engineer or facilities engineer, planning maintenance schedules, rotating equipment, determining repair costs and updating records of maintenance and repairs.
Work on an oil rig. The work is hazardous, but the pay is high. For those working offshore, pay rates are even higher.
Work for construction consulting firms. These businesses take the drawings and models provided by different contractors and look for problems. Is someone planning to install pipes where someone else will be placing a window? Will the wiring outlet for an insert fail to line up with the holes someone else is drilling?
With a little training in local building codes, mechanical engineers can work as code inspector.
Teach computer aided drafting and real world skills to blue collar students like how to read blue prints and estimate the time for a job. Or teach basic engineering concepts at a trade school.

Project management and project planning in the construction industry can provide employment for engineers.
Project management and project planning in the construction industry can provide employment for engineers. | Source
For Industrial Engineers

Risk management and contingency planning are a natural fit for industrial engineers.

Become a six sigma or lean consultant. An industrial engineering degree is essentially four years of training in this arena.
Work in management performing process mapping.
Become a logistics planner. Optimize the flow of goods for the lowest possible cost. The most obvious employers for this skill is a trucking company or airline.
Traffic analysts monitor and document traffic flow. This work includes identifying bottlenecks and root causes of congestion for automotive traffic, pedestrian traffic, trains and even stores.
For those with a Six Sigma Black Belt or Lean Black Belt, get a job teaching others six sigma principles. One of the major sources of employment in this area today is the medical field. Medicare reimbursement requires hospitals to adopt process improvement and cost containment measures, and they are hiring Black Belts to train their staff as yellow belts, black belts and black belts.
Industrial engineers are uniquely trained to perform time studies, whether working for non-profits like Goodwill or setting production standards at unionized manufacturing plants.
Move into change management, tracking change requests to documents and ensuring all changes are made to all related documents. Industrial engineers are especially qualified to move into CMMI.

Electrical engineers can make money as test technicians when there are few engineering jobs available.
Electrical engineers can make money as test technicians when there are few engineering jobs available. | Source
For Electrical Engineers

Work as a hardware tester in an assembly shop.
Perform IV&V or Integration, Verification or Validation testing for hardware integration labs or electronics manufacturers. Or work as a hardware tester.
Assist in the programming of machine tools like CNC machines.
Manage power loads and monitor electrical demand in power centers.
Teach electronics assembly at the manufacturer’s site.
Perform basic troubleshooting of common electronic devices like eBook readers or Apple iPhones.

Turfgrasses Used On Lawns

There are many residential and commercial horticultural services in Hillsborough, Pinellas and Pasco that can take care of all your needs for lawns, trees & shrubs, from the choice of plants to the application of fertilizer and pesticides. Whether your needs be residential or commercial, it would be best to be able to discuss your choices intelligently with your horticultural service provider. To start with the most basic, you should at least have an idea about the various turfgrasses used on lawns.

Here are some of the turfgrasses often used on lawns.

Annual ryegrass is also called Italian ryegrass or wintergrass because it thrives in fall and winter, turning yellow and dying in late spring to early summer.

Kikuyu grass is sometimes considered a weed in certain areas in California because of its ability to spread quickly and its high tolerance for both heat and shade. It may be vulnerable to the cold but is able to recover fast.

Bermuda grass may be seeded or hybrid, differing in color. Both types are best suited to sunny climates where they grow hardy and use water efficiently. In extended cold weather, though, they turn brown.

Perennial ryegrass is a high traffic tolerant cool season grass that grows best in coastal areas with moderate climates and full sun.

Buffalo grass is a drought resistant warm season grass that cannot tolerate shade and is dormant all winter long.

Red fescue thrives only in cool shade. It has moderate wear resistance and is low maintenance, not requiring much irrigation, fertilization and mowing.

Colonial bentgrass is at its best in cool humid coastal areas, with moderate shade tolerance.

Rough bluegrass prefers cool wet shade and is often used in foggy locales.

Creeping bentgrass thrives in sunny areas of cool humid locales, with some tolerance for shade. It is a favorite for sports areas such as putting greens in golf courses, and lawn tennis and lawn bowling greens but is too expensive to maintain for homes.

Seashore paspalum is a warm season grass that can tolerate salt water even in areas by the ocean.

Dichondra is a perennial grass that thrives in the full sun of the warm season but adapts well to some shade even in cool coastal areas. It cannot tolerate heavy traffic, though, so it is not recommended for large areas.

St. Augustine grass is a warm season grass that grows best in full sun but adapts well to moderate climates and shade. It is water efficient and pest resistant but is dormant in late autumn and winter.

Hard fescue is a cool season grass that thrives in the shade, is tolerant of low fertility and does not require mowing. It does not tolerate hot temperatures, though, and does not recover easily once damaged.

Tall fescue is the most common turfgrass used in California. Though a cool season grass, it tolerates warm temperature and adapts well to sun and partial shade. It also has good resistance to weeds and disease.

Kentucky bluegrass is a cool season grass that thrives in sun but not in climates that are too hot. It grows best in fall, winter and spring but slows down in summer.

Zoysia grass is a warm season grass that grows best in full sun but has some shade tolerance. It has high water efficiency and one of its species even has drought tolerance.

Check out the lawns you see around Hillsborough, Pinellas and Pasco and identify the turfgrasses that look good to you. A combination of turfgrasses is often used. Knowing their qualities, you could discuss with your horticultural service provider the best types to use on your lawn.

Get The Services Of A Good Servo Motor Repair For Greater Efficiency

Servo motor repair service requires specialized techniques, as they are quite complex. Though many service providers claim to offer the best repairing services, yet you should always go for genuine ones. And the first step is to prepare a checklist. Here is one to help you out.

What to look for before getting servo motor repair service?
A good servo motor repair service company comes with Mitchell-3000 servo motor repair testing equipment which allows for diagnostics of encoders, resolvers and other repair needs. Really good service providers can lead test Servo drives upto 250 In-LB with 2 Magtrol computerized dynometers. The Dyno’s can dynamically load test servos to their rated torques, as well as apply custom load cycles. Check out if the company has a fully integrated motor, gear and machine shop for faster turnaround times. Also, see that all diagnostics and repair work are performed inside a positive pressure, environmentally controlled room to remove dust and other particulates from the air.

What does a good servo motor repair service company do?
Well, the very first step involved in servo motor repair is dissembling the servo motor and then testing each part for damage and functionality. Worn parts are then identified for repair. A very efficient company can get repairing done in a week’s time. Depending on the situation, most companies also offer rush turnaround service during emergencies. After the repairing work is done, most of the servo motor is reassembled and finally tested for quality and performance.

What other services does a good servo repair company offer?
A really good servo repair service company can also offer new servo replacements in case the motor is beyond economical repair. Additionally, a good service provider should have skilled resources that have the ability to repair both DC and AC motors, spindle and stepper motors. If you are going for motor rebuilding, a good company would always get them tested on factory drives, and clean them before use. Other supplementary services are free servo evaluation, servo repair technical support, failure analysis and full testing.

Whichever company you choose to get your servo motor services from, it is always good to try the online because it provides services almost instantly.

Top Five Security Camera Manufacturers

Peloc is a world leader in the design. It is a manufacturer of CCTV video and security system, besides, it is well known for its capability to manufacture any industries.Because of its high quality products, Pelco” has become the most sought-after products supplier in the CCTV security industry.

Pelco manufacturers stated that they always provide their customers with innovative and high-quality products with competitive prices. Moreover, they totally guarantee their customers satisfaction by what is mentioned above and their offer of making their products “nearly always available off-the-shelf.”
It’s mainly concern in creating next generations of digital video recorders, IP solutions, megapixel cameras, Full HD LCD displays, and much more. More specifically, it’s specialized in the design of Traffic Hardware, Utility Hardware and Ornamental Lighting.

Another widespread manufacturer through all over the world is Bosch. Previously this name related to vehicles and gasoline servicing. Apparently, Bosch is not only interested in cars and mechanics but also becomes one of the most popular manufacturers in other fields such as Electrical Engineering and Industrial engineering. This company is named after German engineer, Robert Bosch, opened his “Workshop for Precision Mechanics and Engineering.” Then it continues its progress in the in creating appliances till it obtains the first and the second rank dishwashers in a leading consumer magazine.

The high- qualities of Bosch products make it the leader in upscale appliances. Through its wide experience in manufacturing appliances Bosch introduces various kinds of products such as IP Video, 2X camera technology, Dishwashers. It also creates Intrusion Products such as GV2 and G Series Control Panels, D6412/D4412 Control Panels. Fire Products such as D7024 Fire Alarm Control Panels, DS9400 Series Fire Alarm Control Panels. CCTV Products such as DiBos Digital Video Recorder, Divar Digital Video Recorder. And Systems Products such as Readykey, ReadykeyPRO, BIS, and AEC.

Another world leader in the design, development and manufacturing is Veilux. It is specialized in security engineering and design company, producing DVRs-digital video recorders -and video security camera surveillance products. The art of producing the surveillance apparatuses depends on certain criteria which are: high qualities of the images and products-the manufacturing product process is of certified to ISO 9001:2000 standards- the necessity of extremely stable surveillance equipment, easy to care of and to construct and it has elegant modern look and color.

Through its history, Veilux has proven a continually blend of manufacturing, marketing and engineering strength. It can offer high-qualities product which suits the customer with maximum efficiency at lowest possible prices. As its directory states” We supply solutions which are specially geared to meet the user’s needs. This applies in the security market just as it does in the IT area. And this is precisely where our strength lies – we are a flexible research, development, and manufacturing company which specializes in security products.” It produces security cameras, IP security cameras, video recorders, Hybrid DVR Cards and much more.

Not only Veilux has proven its good reputation in producing security cameras, Axis has also ranked to be the third in the world in the security cameras category which includes analog as well as network cameras. It is an IT company that leads manufacturing of network cameras. Through years Axis has proven marvelous progress that is stated by Alastair Hayfield, Senior Market Research Analyst, IMS Research who says that” In just three short years Axis Communications has moved from being the 12th largest vendor of video surveillance equipment globally to the 4th spot in 2008.”

Another leading supplier of digital video surveillance products is Hikvision. It has three decades experience in manufacturing video technology which makes it at the edge of having the supreme qualities in their manufactures which satisfy various market demands.

They made the most advanced H.264 solution for digital surveillance based on its owned patented algorithms. This company strives to achieve the best; since it is established, Hikvision has launched three generations of Video/Audio Compression Card – DS-4000M, DS-4000H and DS-4000HC/HF, two generations of Digital Video Recorder -DS-8000M/ME and DS-8000HC, and other marvelous in security and video surveillance products.

Worried of the Career Choices Available in Industrial Engineering?

Industrial engineering is a term originated from manufacturing industry and is mainly used and applied in production processes and systems. This form of engineering deals with development, improvement, implementation and evaluation of integrated systems in different sectors. The study of this field is not just restricted to the development part but is also concerned with the management science, work-study, financial management, supply chain management, operations research, safety, cost and value engineering, facilities planning, and design process. This profession brings along a long list of responsibilities for the professionals. The individuals operating in this field have to ensure that everything during the production process including management of the cost of manufacturing processes, improvement of product designs and supervision of production schedules is done effortlessly. These engineers look after the entire production process and ensure that everything goes smooth.

These professionals are suitable for automobile, IT industry and other some other sectors too. They can be hired as:

Analysts
System Controller
System Supervisor
Project Manager
Plant Supervisor

Besides, they can also be given some other positions as per the requirement and nature of the organization.

Scope:

While one talks about the scope of industrial engineering, there exists a lot to be included. This field has been adding on to its dimensions in the last few years. It has grown exceptionally with the advent of automobile industry in India. At present, industrial engineers are demanded everywhere and are even paid well.

Many of you must be feeling that this field isn’t that popular among students nor do they feel passionate enough to pursue this. But, the perfect answer to this would be the growing need of this profession in the country. Industrial engineering is embraced the most in manufacturing sector and as per the Deloitte Competitive Index, India is likely to come up as the second most competitive manufacturing economy in the next five years. This remark was made owing to the country’s focused and comprehensive national manufacturing strategy. With this, the scope of industrial engineering seems to be growing.

At present, what an aspiring engineer needs to do, is to get himself admitted into a reputed institution to pursue degree and polish his inner self to fit in the industry. To become suitable for this sector, one needs to be dynamic, multi-tasking and logical as almost every responsibility related to production process lies with him. This would be enough for a student to get himself to a state where good job opportunities can come his way. As the job opportunities available for industrial engineers are many, the students do not really need to worry about the future prospects. They can get good job opportunities anywhere in the metropolitan cities like Delhi, Bangalore, Hyderabad, Chennai and so on.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/8325371

Engineering For Lean: Right-Sizing Your Labor Cost Infrastructure With Industrial Engineering

Did you know that the exemplar of lean manufacturing, Toyota, assigns an industrial engineer to each foreman in its plants? It’s true. Toyota has long understood the value of optimizing operations through traditional industrial engineering techniques. For example, the company “stopwatches” each operation to assure that the people performing work tasks can actually accomplish the task in an optimal amount of time. Optimal is defined as the rate feasible to do the task “right the first time” according to the Toyota standard method (for quality purposes) and to be economically efficient in the traditional manufacturing cost paradigm. If the time assigned to an operation is not “optimal,” then the workers receive additional training or the operation time is adjusted. Assigning an industrial engineer to each foreman has other benefits – work flow management, cycle time reduction, work methods and the like.

So, how does the Toyota approach – clearly feasible for a multibillion dollar global corporation – relate to the small to medium size enterprise (SME)? The message of the Toyota example is rediscovery of the lost art of industrial engineering and its use in making an SME company lean and cost-effective. Certainly few if any SMEs can afford to have an industrial engineering staff like the one Toyota has, but industrial engineering talent can be obtained in many ways and employed just as effectively,

WHY BOTHER WITH INDUSTRIAL ENGINEERING?

Why indeed you may ask? Isn’t labor cost reduction passe with labor costs per unit amounting to six or seven percent of the sales dollar? Does it make sense to try to squeeze an extra quarter second out of an operation by changing the way some one moves their left hand when turning a dial? Furthermore, isn’t labor a variable cost that fluctuates with production requiring us to staff up and down as needed? The answer to all these questions is no. Let’s look at each of these questions and then visualize some benefits from industrial engineering in a twenty-first century style.

Low unit labor costs. It is true that direct and indirect labor on a unit basis is lower than it has ever been in recent memory but, labor is often the single largest non-material total dollar expenditure for most manufacturing companies. It therefore behooves management to insure that the labor force is trim and is not growing out of proportion to the level of sales revenue.

Squeezing the additional quarter second out of the process. The additional fractional time reductions and fractional people reductions (we saved one-third of an employee by doing this!) associated with traditional industrial engineering were no doubt meaningful to cost reduction in the first half of the twentieth century when labor forces were orders-of-magnitude larger. These fractional savings, in fact, added up to actual dollar labor savings back in the day. They have almost no similar value today except to comprehend how jobs may be combined to eliminate duplication or non-value added activities.

Labor variability. One of the enduring myths of the twentieth century (and the twenty-first as well) is the notion that labor varies in direct proportion to output. Labor is now part of the manufacturing company infrastructure and must be managed as a controlled resource and not assumed to be a variable resource. The distinction between controlled and variable is an important one. Controlled implies that as production rises, the labor compliment need not increase if we seek alternative ways to organize and manage the infrastructure. Similarly when output declines, the force may not decline if we are tight on indirect labor in non-production areas and can shift people to such non-value added but necessary, and deferrable, work. In actuality, labor should increment and decrement in “plateaus” or “steps” along the production curve and the increment/decrement plateaus should be actively managed.

Industrial engineering facilitates the management of all of these labor issues. It is now focused on the phenomenon of the “infrastructure” and labor as a significant cost of the infrastructure (hence the title of this article). Stop-watching and labor efficiency variances and comprehension of fractional work can now be used to inhibit the impulse to “hire as a first resort.” If, for example, every time a new direct or indirect labor hire was contemplated, an industrial engineering analysis of the presumed need and the related work in the area was made, work re-engineering and worker redeployment could likely result in avoidance of adding another person to the payroll.

OPPORTUNITIES FOR COST CONTAINMENT/REDUCTION

Ultimately, industrial engineering in the modern sense (the Toyota approach) is about keeping the labor cost infrastructure “right-sized” to the revenue of the enterprise and the elimination of waste. With this in mind, we can examine some ways to reduce costs necessary to right-size and to contain them as growth occurs.

Supervisory span of control. A common but misguided practice is to have too many supervisors in relation to the number of direct labor employees supervised. The textbook ratio of foreman to direct laborers is 1 to 20. If you are at 1 to 19, not to worry but if you are at 1 to 10, the span of control is worth a look.

Unbalanced lines. Line balancing is one of the basic tenets of industrial engineering. In the “old days” of extensive manual operations, it had much to do with stop-watching of individuals but now it is directed toward balancing around a machine constraint in a production cell. Frequently, line balancing can result in lower crewing of cells by having workers move back and forth around the constraint device.

Timed operations and earned hours. While the concept of “earned hours” according to engineered standards is often misunderstood and misused, measuring the overall efficiency of large operations over relatively long time periods is a good indicator of real crewing needs. The caution here is not to calculate labor efficiency variances by individual shop orders or small departments by the day but rather to calculate it and report it for an entire department of perhaps twenty-five people in periods of no less than one week.

Extended meal break time frame to limit “floaters.” In shops where machines pace the plant, floaters are employed to substitute for machine tenders on scheduled breaks for meals. The number of such floaters is often dictated by the period in which the meal break is taken and, of course, the number of employees and machines. For example, if meal-breaks on the first shift are taken between eleven AM and one PM, more floaters will be needed than if the meal-break period was extended to two PM and fewer floaters could cover multiple breaks sequentially.

Cellular organization. Much is written about cellular organization lately. Re-engineering the plant into product cells is the modern equivalent of old-fashioned plant re-layouts. The labor cost advantage is that workers can multitask in “U” or “J” shaped cells instead of being chained to a particular station and operation. And, if workers can move around and multitask in a cell, you need less of them.

Set-up reduction. Rarely do we hear that set-up reduction can have an impact on labor costs but it does. Similar to the economics of cellular organization, set-up reduction avoids the waste of additional labor infrastructure by contributing to a high rate of machine utilization and thereby requiring fewer people waiting on set-ups. Reducing set-up time is a fine example of industrial engineering value in eliminating wasted time with consequent lower cost and greater throughput.

Create cost containment metrics. The keys to successful use of metrics are threefold: controllability of the processes being measured by shop management, a feeling of accountability to senior management for achieving numerical success and, connection to financial results. There are metrics that express labor cost utilization and containment – here are some to consider: first time quality, machine uptime as a percentage of scheduled uptime, shop order due date performance. These and other metrics measure the underlying cause of the need for labor. Machine uptime, for example, tells us if we are wasting the labor resource by having machines idle and the workers assigned to them idle as well.

Do it right the first time. There is probably no greater waste of labor (and other) resources than rework. Enforcing a first time quality ethic can result in lower labor cost by avoiding this egregious form of waste.

So where are you in the labor cost continuum? If you feel the pinch of lower profitability whether felt in less sales per employee or a cost creep that seems to be encroaching on your revenues or a higher break-even point, you may be a candidate for right-sizing your labor infrastructure to fit your revenue base. Toyota, always the leader in manufacturing management methods, has reinvented the idea of industrial engineering in the modern era to, among other things, contain labor costs. Perhaps, your labor infrastructure can benefit from an industrial engineering diagnosis as well.

Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/6604364

Shoprite offering bursaries at career fair in Cape Town

The Shoprite Group will be exhibiting at the General and Accounting Career Fair from 10am to 3pm at the University of the Western Cape’s Main Hall in Bellville on 20-21 April 2016.
Siblings Yaqoob (18) and Nabeelah (21) Galant from Ottery in Cape Town both received financial assistance from Shoprite to study Pharmacy at the University of the Western Cape. Yaqoob is in his 1st year and Nabeelah in her third year.
Siblings Yaqoob (18) and Nabeelah (21) Galant from Ottery in Cape Town both received financial assistance from Shoprite to study Pharmacy at the University of the Western Cape. Yaqoob is in his 1st year and Nabeelah in her third year.
The group, which annually offers bursaries to the value of almost R20 million, will assist matriculants and enrolled students with queries on the criteria and application process for one of its comprehensive bursaries.

Candidates may qualify for a bursary of up to R60,000 per annum, which allows for registration fees, tuition, textbook and accommodation fees, depending on the course of study and institution. Each bursary granted is linked to a work back agreement with Shoprite and, in this way, a bursary holder is assured of career prospects with South Africa’s largest private sector employer.

By providing bursaries to qualifying students, as well as educational loans and grants to its employees and their dependents, the group aids and strengthens economic security and social welfare in the communities within which it trades.

Still open for bursaries

The group has already awarded over 200 tertiary study bursaries to deserving candidates for the 2016 academic year. It is still accepting bursary applications for financial assistance to study in 2016, with bursaries available for qualifications in pharmacy, chartered accounting, logistics and supply chain management, information technology, industrial engineering, hospitality, retail business management and marketing.

On successful completion of their studies, pharmacy students have employment opportunities within one of the group’s 159 MediRite pharmacies throughout South Africa.

The group’s trainee management programme will aid retail business and hospitality management graduates in preparing them to become store managers.

Chartered Accountant (CA) candidates can be placed within South African Institute of Chartered Accountants (SAICA) approved CA training programme, within the group, to complete their internship as articled clerks.

The logistics and industrial engineering graduates programme train managers for positions within one of the group’s 20 distribution centres, whilst the IT and marketing trainee programmes assist graduates to gain the necessary specialised workplace experience.

The group recognises the value of investing in opportunities for young people to obtain a qualification and acquire the necessary skills for gainful employment. A consistent employment generator, it currently employs more than 136,000 people with 6,150 jobs created during the last year.